The National Reconciliation Committee.
The Attendance: 36 participants (names attached).
Chairperson: Mr. Issac Kenyi
Secretary: Ms. Asma Mahmoud Mohamed Taha
The committee had discussed three issues:
(1) The National Reconciliation.
(2). The Self-Determination- Referendum.
(3) Making Unity Attractive.
1. The Reconciliation:
The committee had acknowledged the fact that, the Sudanese people and specifically the people of Southern Sudan had suffered many structural injustices due to the wars and marginalization and these historical injustices have been caused by individuals and governments who have ruled Sudan since the Independence (1956-to date), these need to be recorded, and documented to assist in the process of national reconciliation and healing. Thus, the committee presents these recommendations to removing pains, anger and restore trust and reconciliations.
I) Review Unjust Policies and Systems
II) A mechanism to be established by the presidency to draw up and implement a plan of National Reconciliation and healing:
· The necessity to accelerate the implementation of the CPA in letter and spirit as a commitment and initiative to show good faith for establishing trust and reconciliation
· Establishment of a mechanism and programs for National Reconciliation & healing.
- The Regions and areas would be given preferential consideration in development.
- Need to benefit from other countries experiences in similar post conflict situation.
- Benefit from the Sudanese local experience of traditional reconciliation mechanisms.
- Recognise the role played by successful regime since independence in deeping Sudan crisis a process of mutual apology and forgiveness if necessary, so that Sudan can turn the page and move forward. It is therefore imperative to apologize to and seek forgiveness from the Sudanese people who suffered in the cause of those crises. This shall be the first step towards National reconciliation and healing.
2. The urgency to remove and abolish and reform laws, which hinder basic fundamental freedoms for example: The National Security Law, The Press and Media Law, Code of Criminal Procedure Law, Code of Civil Procedure, Penal Code, Workers Trade Union Act, Personal Law. and laws governing the civil society organizations. Those laws do not help the implementation of the CPA and reconciliation process. In this connection the conference acknowledges and appreciates the recent order of President of the Republic to lift press censorship.
(2) Self-Determination (Unity or Secession):
The committee reconfirms, the right to Self-Determination enshrined in the CPA and the Interim National Constitution 2005. It is an irreversible right to be exercised by the people of Southern Sudan and Abyei area in 2011. This process of Self-Determination should not be tempered with. The people of Southern Sudan the two areas and Abyei Area will exercise the right to Self-Determination in 2011. Similarly the people of Southern Kordufan and Blue Nile as well as the right to Popular Consultation shall under take process of popular consultation as stated in the CPA. All Sudanese should respect those rights and accept their results. And for the smooth execution of those rights, the committee proposes the followings:-
· The removal of all the legal and administrative obstacles hindering the right to Self- Determination and popular consultation.
· The urgency of formulating and passing the referendum law by the National Assembly before December 2009.
· The urgency and the commitment to demarcate the borders between the North and the South before December 2009.
· Reaffirming that the right of voting in the referendum of Self- Determination is only for the people of Southern Sudan as shall be define in the CPA.
· The percentage for the validation of the results of referendum shall be 50+1%.
· The urgency and the commitment in formulating and passing of the law of Popular Consultation for Southern Kordofan and Southern Blue Nile before December 2009
3.Making Unity Attractive:
In making unity attractive, the committee suggested the following recommendations:
Sudan being multi-national, multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-religious society should be a state where all citizens enjoy equal rights regardless of sex, race, religion, culture, language and are equal before the law. In the light of the above the committee recommends the following:
· That transparency, honesty and justice are essential in the distribution of the National wealth including oil revenues.
· Full implementation of the CPA in letter and Spirit.
· The full implementation of Durfur peace agreement (DPA), Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) and Cairo Agreement.
· Committing and engaging the Government of Sudan to contribute in developing and rehabilitating post war Southern Sudan and other underdeveloped and war affected areas.
· Engage the International Community, National NGOs, and Civil Society to support Southern Sudan civil society groups.
· Engage the Community at large to support unity through sports, culture and media.
· Urge the Monitoring and Evaluation Commission to urge Government of National Unity (GoNU), Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) to adhere to full implementation of the CPA.
· The Conference urge all the political parties and the civil society have to engage Government of Sudan regarding the implementation of these resolutions.
· All Sudan Political Parties who attended this conference resolve to meet again in January 2010 to review the status of these resolutions.
· The conference recommends this resolution be presented to the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS), Government of National Unity (GoNU), National Congress Party (NCP), Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement (SPLM), IGAD, friends of IGAD, and the witnesses to CPA and be disseminated to all the Sudanese people.